There are three types of cerebral palsy. Spastic CP is the most common form and
affects the body’s ability to relax muscles, causing tightness and difficulties
in movement. Athetoid cerebral palsy affects the ability to control muscles,
leading to involuntary and uncontrolled movements in the affected
muscles. Children with Ataxic CP have a disturbed sense of balance and
depth perception, characterized by tremors or shaky movements. Each case
of cerebral palsy affects a child differently, and some have more than
one form of CP (Mixed cerebral palsy).
Most cerebral palsy conditions are caused by a brain injury that
occurred during pregnancy or birth (congenital), or in the months/years
following birth (Acquired CP). Cerebral Palsy disorders are caused by
faulty development of or damage to motor areas in the brain that disrupt
the brain's ability to control movement and posture.
Spastic Cerebral Palsy
A form of cerebral palsy that causes tightness in the muscles. Because
of this tightness, spastic cerebral palsy patients have a difficult time
controlling their movement.
Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
Involuntary movements - uncontrolled/unwanted movements.
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Jerky, uncoordinated movements caused by a disturbed sense of balance
and depth perception.